Iran Hostage Crisis
444 Days of Misery - By Amanda Wisner
aa As you came across this article, you may have wondered, ‘What is the Iranian Hostage Crisis?’ Well, it may seem difficult to understand, but the Iran Hostage Crisis was a time period that Iran and the U.S., let’s say, didn’t get along so well. After a few small arguments between the two countries in past years, on November 4, 1979, the previous leader of Iran, otherwise known as the Shah, fled to Egypt since the Iranians did not enjoy the methods that their leader used to rule. After spending some time in Egypt, the Shah had developed a form of cancer, and then later travelled to the United States to seek medical assistance, along with further refuge from the Iranians.
After the Shah was taken in and cared for by the Americans, the Iranian people were extremely displeased, and they had continued to take American people from the US Embassy, which is located in Iran. These Americans were held hostage for 444 days, and several people escaped, or were released during these days.
While all of this was happening, President Jimmy Carter was creating small and non-helpful attempts to end the entire feud, and one of these attempts was Operation Eagle Claw. Carter intended to send two helicopters to Iran and have them rescue the hostages without the Iranians’ knowledge, but the operation was a failure because of the winds within the desert, in which they had blown them to the ground, and the mission was then compromised.
The American Presidential Election was now around the corner, and Carter was far behind Ronald Reagan. As the election came closer, the majority of Americans decided that Reagan was a better man for a president, therefore causing Reagan to win the election by a landslide. When Reagan was officially sent into office, on January 20, 1981, the rest of the American hostages were released, miraculously, just a few hours later.
Overall, the Iranian Hostage Crisis was an extremely painful time for many people, and it will definitely remain as an important mark in history. The Hostage Crisis should definitely be taught to students, to inform them about this important, tragic event. However, even if the Hostage Crisis is already a taught aspect in Social Studies classrooms across the country, many citizens, especially of our country, are uneducated about this topic. You may question how I know this, but that’s because; when I informed a few of my friends I was writing this article, they had asked the same question you may have asked; ‘What is the Iranian Hostage Crisis?
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